2017 was record-breaking year for the Finnish biogas station network

28.12.2017 13:39

Ten new public biogas filling stations were opened and none were closed in Finland in 2017. This brings the total number of public CBG stations to 34, of which 33 are pure biogas (CBG100) stations and 1 is a blend station (CBG50), indicating a whopping 42 % expansion of the CBG station network. Double-digit growth of the amount of public CBG stations has been experienced only once before in the Finnish history: 13 new public CBG stations were added to the network in 2011. Taking also fossil methane stations into account, there are now 38 public methane stations (CMG, LMG or both) in operation, which is 12 more than at the end of 2016. LBG stations do not exist in Finland, but LNG is available at 4 public stations.

 

The amount of commercial operators of public renewable methane filling stations doubled in 2017 from 7 to 14, which is the highest number to date. The new operator companies are municipally and/or privately owned. On the other hand, the amount of commercial operators of public fossil methane stations (CNG and/or LNG) halved in 2017 from 2 to 1. The highest number of such operators was 4 in 2013.

 

Regional development was the most remarkable feature of the market growth during 2017. Three of the new public filling stations are located in regions, where CBG stations had been absent, doubling the number of regions with CBG station infrastructure from 3 to 6 (Table 1). Now 6 of the 8 regions have at least 1 public CBG station within their territories. The most significant addition was Northern Finland: the new CBG100 station in Oulu halved the distance to the nearest Swedish CBG station to 260 km, which is within biogas operation range of all factory made CMG vehicles. Therefore, gasoline is no longer needed for travelling by land between Finland and Sweden. 

 

Table 1. Regional development of public biogas station network in Finland. Regions with public CBG station infrastructure was doubled in 2017 from 3 to 6.

 

Region

First public

station

Public stations/
end of 2017

New stations in 2017

1.

Inland Finland

2004 Laukaa

6

+3

2.

Southern Finland

2011 Kouvola

21

+1

3.

Western Finland

2014 Nykarleby

3

+2

4.

Eastern Finland

2017 Haukivuori

2

+2

5.

Southwestern Finland

2017 Pori

1

+1

6.

Northern Finland

2017 Oulu

1

+1

 

Lapland

 

0

 

 

Åland

 

0

 

 

Total: 6/8

 

Total: 34

+10

 

Market growth is also visible in provincial scale, as 4 new provinces were added to the total of 12 provinces that now have at least one public CBG station (Table 2). Traffic biogas production began during 2017 in two new provinces. Now traffic biogas production plants are found in 10 of 19 provinces. All of them are biogas upgrading plants. Purified biogas has not been used as vehicle fuel in Finland since 2008.

 

Table 2. Provincial development of public biogas station network in Finland. Provinces with public CBG station infrastructure was increased in 2017 from 8 to 12.

 

Province

First public station

Public stations/
end of 2017

New public stations 2017

Start of traffic biogas production*

1.

Central Finland

2004 Laukaa

3

+1

2002

2.

Kymenlaakso

2011 Kouvola

3

 

2011

3.

Uusimaa

2011 Helsinki

12

+1

2012

4.

Tavastia Proper

2011 Riihimäki

3

+1

2013

5.

Päijänne Tavastia

2011 Lahti

1

 

2014

6.

South Karelia

2011 Lappeenranta

2

 

 

7.

Pirkanmaa

2011 Tampere

3

+1

 

8.

Ostrobothnia

2014 Nykarleby

2

+1

2014

9.

Northern Ostrobotnia

2017 Oulu

1

+1

2012

10.

Southern Savonia

2017 Haukivuori

2

+2

2017

11.

Southern Ostrobotnia

2017 Kauhajoki

1

+1

2017

12.

Satakunta

2017 Pori

1

+1

 

13. Kainuu (1st private CBG station 2016) 0   2016
14. Southwest Finland (1st public CNG station 2016) 0    
  Northern Ostrobotnia   0    
  Northern Savonia   0    
  North Karelia   0    
  Lapland   0    
  Åland   0    

 

Total: 12/19

2004

Total: 34

+10

10/19

*Date earlier than opening of the first public station means that traffic biogas was initially produced for private CBG stations.

 

Table 3 shows status of the Finnish public CBG station network at the end of 2017 and development during 2017 using a set of network development indicators. The "150 km requirement" means that distance to the nearest public CBG station is at most 150 km. "NR" (National Record) is added, when absolute growth in 2017 was more than in any previous year in Finnish history; "=NR" indicates a shared highest absolute growth.  

 

Table 3. Status at the end of 2017 and development during 2017 of the public CBG station network in Finland.

Indicator

Situation 12/2017

Change in 2017

 

Public CBG stations nationally

34 stations

+10 (+ 42 %)

 

Public CBG100 stations nationally

33 stations

+9 (+ 38 %)

 

Public CBG station operators nationally

14 operators

+7 (+ 100 %)

NR

Regions with public CBG stations

6 of 8 regions (75 %)

+3 (+ 100 %)

NR

Provinces with public CBG stations

12 of 19 provinces (63 %)

+4 (+ 50 %)

 

Urban areas with public CBG stations

19 of 37 urban areas (51 %)

+6 (+ 46 %)

 

Public CBG stations in urban areas

27

+8 (+ 42 %)

 

Population of urban areas with CBG stations

2.6 million

(+ 28 %)

 

Share of national population in CBG urban areas

47 %

(+ 28 %)

 

TOP10 largest cities with CBG stations

8 of TOP10 cities (80 %)

+3 (+ 60 %)

 

TOP20 largest cities with CBG stations

13 of TOP20 cities (60 %)

+6 (+ 86 %)

 

Stations outside of urban areas

7 of 244 municipalities (2 %)

+2 (+ 40 %)

 

Regions with CBG stations in all urban areas

0 of 8 regions (0 %)

-

 

Provinces with CBG stations in all urban areas

5 of 19 provinces (26 %)

+2 (+ 67 %)

=NR

Regions meeting the 150 km requirement

1 of 8 regions (13 %)

-

 

Provinces meeting the 150 km requirement

9 of 19 provinces (42 %)

+3 (+ 50 %)

 

Highways with CBG stations

26 of 34 highways (68 %)

+3 (+ 13 %)

 

Stations along highways (max. 2 km distance)

29

+8 (+ 38 %)

 

Highways meeting the 150 km requirement

12 of 34 highways (35 %)

-

 

Main roads (other than highways) with CBG stations

12 of 43 main roads (23 %)

+4 (+ 50 %)

=NR

 

Map on the left shows provincial status at the end of 2017. Provinces having public CBG stations within their territories are indicated by green colour (12 provinces). Dark green means that distance to the nearest public CBG station is less than 150 km anywhere within these 9 provinces (islands excluded). The only province with public fossil methane stations, but without public renewable methane stations is indicated by red colour. Black colour is used to show the remaining 6 provinces that do not have any kind of public methane stations within their territories.

Up-to-date map of the public CBG stations is available here.