Biogas consumption in transportation grew by 35 % in Finland in 2015
National statistics of production and consumption of biogas for transportation applications in Finland during 2015 was released today by the University of Eastern Finland (Lampinen 2016). As the publication was written in Finnish, summary of the traffic biogas section is given here in English by the author of the original publication.
Final energy consumption of biogas in transportation was 23 GWh in 2015. All biogas consumed in vehicles was produced from biowastes, as always during the whole history of traffic biogas utilization in Finland (since 1941). Energy crops have never been used for this purpose. Therefore, all traffic biogas is eligible for double counting under the RES Directive (2009/28/EC). If all would be certified (this situation has not yet been achieved) the calculated amount would be 46 GWh for the purposes of the national obligations under the RES Directive and for the respective Eurostat statistics.
Utilization of biogas as a vehicle fuel grew by 35 % compared to previous year. Within the last decade transportation consumption of biogas has grown 1200-fold. Graph in Figure 1 below shows development of traffic biogas utilization since 1941, when it first began in Finland. Vertical axis label "Liikenteen loppuenergia" means end-use energy consumption for transportation, i.e. conversion losses during production and distribution are excluded.
Figure 1. Consumption of biogas as vehicle fuel in Finland during whole history of utilization of this technology in 1941-2015. Source: Lampinen (2016, 13).