Biogas consumption in transportation grew by 35 % in Finland in 2015

09.06.2016 16:10

National statistics of production and consumption of biogas for transportation applications in Finland during 2015 was released today by the University of Eastern Finland (Lampinen 2016). As the publication was written in Finnish, summary of the traffic biogas section is given here in English by the author of the original publication.

Final energy consumption of biogas in transportation was 23 GWh in 2015. All biogas consumed in vehicles was produced from biowastes, as always during the whole history of traffic biogas utilization in Finland (since 1941). Energy crops have never been used for this purpose. Therefore, all traffic biogas is eligible for double counting under the RES Directive (2009/28/EC). If all would be certified (this situation has not yet been achieved) the calculated amount would be 46 GWh for the purposes of the national obligations under the RES Directive and for the respective Eurostat statistics.

Utilization of biogas as a vehicle fuel grew by 35 % compared to previous year. Within the last decade transportation consumption of biogas has grown 1200-fold. Graph in Figure 1 below shows development of traffic biogas utilization since 1941, when it first began in Finland. Vertical axis label "Liikenteen loppuenergia" means end-use energy consumption for transportation, i.e. conversion losses during production and distribution are excluded.


Figure 1. Consumption of biogas as vehicle fuel in Finland during whole history of utilization of this technology in 1941-2015. Source: Lampinen (2016, 13).


In 2015, like always, biogas was consumed in vehicles only as CBG100, i.e. 100 % Compressed BioGas. There were 24 public CBG100 filling stations (operated by 7 companies) and many different kind of private stations in operation. CBG100 was the cheapest energy source available for vehicles at public stations. Locations of public CBG100 filling stations are found at the Map of biogas filling stations in Finland. Biogas had 35 % share of methane consumption in transportation and 70 % share of methane consumption in road transportation. This difference is caused by absence of biogas utilization in water transportation.

Traffic biogas was produced at 10 biogas upgrading plants (by 8 companies), of which 9 were in operation at the end of the year. One plant was taken off-line for product development and to be relocated later. Upgrading capacity grew by 18 % and was 3220 Nm3/h at the end of 2015.

Table 1 gives basic data of the traffic biogas sector in Finland in 2015 with comparisons to previous year. Additional information is available in articles RES-T methane markets in Finland 1941-2014 and RES-T methane market in Finland 2015.


Table 1. Statistics of traffic biogas production and consumption in Finland in 2015. Source: Lampinen (2016, 13).

Traffic biogas production and consumption in 2015 change from 2014
Consumption of biogas as vehicle fuel 23 GWh + 35 %
Share of transportation of total biogas consumption 4 % + 30 %
Share of transportation of upgraded biogas consumption 23 % - 46 %
Share of biowastes in traffic biogas production 100 % 0
Share of CBG100 in vehicle fuel utilization 100 % 0
Amount of public CBG100 filling stations 24 0
Amount of public CBG100 station operators 7 0
Amount of traffic biogas production plants 9 (10) 0
Annual traffic biogas production capacity 150 GWh + 18 %
Production of upgraded biogas 98 GWh + 146 %

Reference (in Finnish):

Lampinen Ari (2016) Liikennebiokaasun tuotanto ja käyttö vuonna 2015. In: Huttunen MJ & Kuittinen V (eds.): Suomen biokaasulaitosrekisteri n:o 19 – Tiedot vuodelta 2015. Publications of the University of Eastern Finland, Reports and Studies in Forestry and Natural Sciences No 24, School of Forest Sciences, Faculty of Science and Forestry, University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, 12-15.